Women Win The Right To Vote – 8/18/1920

US History |

Hillary Clinton is standing proof that women deserve to be a part of the political process. She is currently the first female presidential nominee in our nation’s history. It’s incredible that this happened nearly 100 years after women fought so hard to win the right to vote. 

The women of the suffrage movement fought courageously and against a lot of negative attention and even accusations of treason from fellow male “patriots.” On this day in history the women of the suffrage movement was ratified as the 19th amendment to the Constitution. The first state to ratify the amendment was Tennessee, it had two thirds of the majority to ratify the amendment in their state, making it the law of the land. It was the culmination of nearly 70 years of struggling women in the United States. The amendment reads invert simple English what is common sense today.

“The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex” and “Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

The women’s suffrage movement was started in the middle of the 19th Century. A group of women who had become politically active due to their work as abolitionists and temperance supporters. By July of 1848, over 200 suffragists were brought together by two extremely famous women: Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. They met in New York to discuss the value and impact that women’s right to vote and rights in general in Seneca Falls, New York and spearheaded the Seneca Falls Convention. They came to the conclusion that women needed the right to vote to truly be part of the political process. Their resolution was met with a lot of ridicule and women weren’t taken seriously despite their eloquent words, “it is the duty of the women of this country to secure to themselves their sacred right to the elective franchise.”

The first national women’s rights convention wasn’t held until 1850. The convention ended up repeating each year and provided an important focus for the growing and popular woman suffrage movement. In the Reconstruction era, following the Civil War, the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was adopted and granted African American men the right to vote. Congress didn’t acknowledge black women or women in general and didn’t expand on the sphere of gender. 

The National Woman Suffrage Association was founded why Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and their agenda was simple: to push for a woman’s suffrage amendment to the U.S. Constitution. They saw the effects the 15th amendment had on people and decided that an official reaction from the Government would really help their cause. The American Woman’s Suffrage Association was led by Lucy Stone. It was formed in the same year to smooth out work through the state legislatures and aid the movements that had already been in place.

By the middle of the 20th Century women’s roles will trending upward and they were getting more freedoms including the right to vote. The Amendment passed in June of 1919.

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